Chemical Elements Stocks List

Symbol Grade Name
AAST Allied American Steel Corp
AAUKF Anglo American Ord
ADXDF Adex Mining Corp
AGCCF Gensource Potash
AGCZ Andes Gold Corp
AGGFF African Gold Group I
AGPPF Anglo Plati Ord Shs
ALKEF Alkane Resources Limited
ALMTF Almonty Industries
AMAVF Arcam Ab Ord
AMHPF Verde Agritech Plc
AMLM American Lithium Min
AMMCF Amur Minerals Corp
ANGPY Anglo American Platinum Limited
ANLKY Alkane Resources Limited
ARAFF Arafura Resources NL
AREM American Rare Earths
ARREF Amerigo Resources Ltd
ASOE Apollo Solar Energy
ATUSF Altius Minerals Corp
AVCVF American Vanadium
AVLNF Avalon Rare Metals
AZMTF Azimut Exploration I
AZRMF Azure Minerals
BHPBF Bhp Billiton Plc
BLGO Biolargo Inc
BLSSF Black Sea Copper and Gold Corp.
BNRJF OrganiMax Nutrient Corp.
BRGO Bergio Intl Inc
BRUZF Canada Carbon Inc.
BVTEF Iconic Minerals
BWMXF Osisko Metals Incorporated
BYRG Buyer Group Intl Inc
CGIFF Chemtrade Logistics
CGMLF Chalice Gold Mines L
CLTS Earth Life Sciences Inc
CMCLF China Molybdenum Co
CMHFF Compañía Minera Autlán, S.A.B. de C.V
CMRZF Commerce Res Corp
CRECF Critical Elements Corp
CSGH China Sun Grp Highte
CTEQF Clean Teq Holdings Ltd
DMNKF Dni Metals Inc
DTEMF Ditem Explorations I
EBML Ebullion Inc
ECSIF Ecobalt Solutions Inc.
ELRFF Eastern Platinum Ltd
ELTLF Elementos Ltd
ENCTF Encanto Potash Corp
ENDGF Endurance Gold Corp
ETFLF Eastfield Res Ltd
ETPHF AgriMinco Corp
EVOGF Evolving Gold Corp
FPLSF 5N Plus Inc
FPOCF FPX Nickel Corp
FRRSF Far Resources Ltd
FTMDF Fortune Minerals Ltd
GBLHF Global Hunter Corp
GELGF Chatham Rock Phosphate Limited
GGIFF Garibaldi Res Corp
GLBXF Globex Mining Enterprises Inc
GODYF Deer Horn Metals Inc
GOLDF Pele Mountain Res Inc
GRYEF Au Min Africa Pty
GVCM Geovic Mng Corp
GWMGF Great Western Minerl
HCHDF Hochschild Mining plc
HLKMF Frontier Lithium Inc
HMRRF Hammer Metals Ltd
HREEF Stans Energy Corp
HRLDF Heron Resources Ltd
HUDRF Hudson Resources Inc
ILHMF International Lithiu
ILKAF Iluka Resources Limited
ILKAY Iluka Resources Limited
IMPUF Impala Platinum Ords
IMPUY Impala Platinum Spon
INMNF Inca Minerals Ltd
IOFNF Iofina Plc
IPOAF Industrias Penoles S
ITRO Itronics Inc
IVPAF Ivanhoe Mines Ltd.
JUBPF Jubilee Platinum Plc
KATFF Katanga Mining Ltd
LEXG Lithium Exploration Group Inc
LNZCF Sama Resources Inc./
LRTNF Pure Gold Mining Inc
LTUM Lithium Corporation
LYSDY Lynas Corp ADR
MBYMF Mountain Boy Mineral
MDNGF Midnight Sun Mining
MDNNF Niobay Metals Inc.
MGXMF Mgx Minerals Inc.
MIDLF Midland Expl Inc
MLLOF Medallion Resources Ltd
MLMZF Metallica Minerals
MLNLF Millennial Lithium Corp.
MLXEF Metals X Ltd
MLYCF American Cumo Mining Ltd
MLYFF Nevada Clean Magnesium Inc
MSMGF Mustang Minerals Cor
MTLCF Metalcorp Ltd
MYAGF Maya Gold & Silver
NANX Nanophase Technologies Corp
NATUF North Amern Tungsten
NGLOY Anglo American Plc
NGPHF Northern Graphite Co
NILSY Public Joint Stock Company Mining and Metallurgical Company Norilsk Nickel
NIOBF Niocorp Developments Ltd
NKORF Nickel One Resources
NMGNF NTM Gold Limited
NMKEF Nemaska Expl Inc
NNDIF Noranda Income Fund
NNOCF Nanoco Group Plc
NRVTF Noram Ventures Inc
NTCPF Northisle Copper & G
NTTHF Neo Lithium Corp
NVSGF Nevada Sunrise Gold
OCLDY Orica Limited
OROCF Orocobre Ltd
PALDF North American Palladium Ltd
PFSD Pacific Sands, Inc
PILBF Pilbara Minerals Limited
POTRF Potash Ridge
PPRTF Passport Potash Inc
PTNUF Platina Resources
QRMLF Quest Rare Minerals Ltd
QSIM Quantumsphere Inc
RBEIF Rb Energy Inc
RDNAF Rodinia Lithium
REEMF Rare Element Res Ltd
RRSSF Neometals Ltd
RVLTF Revolution Tech Inc
SAFO Save Foods Inc.
SAPLF Sylvania Platinum
SDRC Sidney Resources Corp
SGLFF SGL Carbon SE
SLCO Sovereign Lithium Inc
SNCGF Manganese X Energy Corp
SNET Sourcinglink.Net Inc
SOLVY Solvay Sa
SRCAF Stria Lithium
SRFDF Starfield Res Inc
SRUXY Sirius Minerals Plc ADR
SUUIF Superior Plus Corp
SVRZF Purpose Silver Bullion Fund
SYAAF Syrah Resources
SYHBF Skyharbour Resources
TCKRF Teck Resources Cl A
THURF Thunderstruck Resources Ltd.
TMIBF Trimetals Mining
TNTMF Transition Metals Co
TORVF Saint Jean Carbon Inc
TRII Trio Resources Inc
TUNG Tungsten Corp
UPCO Universal Potash Corp
UREE U.S. Rare Earths Inc
UURAF Ucore Rare Metals
UWEFF U3O8 Corp
VDNRF Vedanta Res Plc
VULMF Vulcan Minerals Inc
WFMRF Wolf Minerals Ltd
WHELF Salt Lake Potash Limited
YWRLF Clean Commodities Corp.
SNNJF Sennen Potash Corp
ZTMUF Zimtu Cap Corp
BKMM Bekem Metals Inc
POTTF Potash Minerals Limited
RDRUY Neometals Ltd.
ARBTF Argo Gold Inc
PWCRF Pacific Wildcat Resources Corp
NOURF Northern Uranium Ltd
SLMXF Slam Expl Ltd
PKREF Peak Resources
ARRRF Ardea Resources Limited
CBBWF Cobalt Power Group
ERPNF European Capital Ord
MACQF Themac Rsrcs Grp Ltd
CBLLF Cobalt 27 Capital Corp
PGEZF Group Ten Metals Inc.
RNWEY REC Silicon ASA
GLBCF Global Cobalt Corp
ARTTF Artemis Resources Ltd
MXVDF Mexivada Mining Corp
CTAM A.M. Castle & Co.
ERMAF Eramet Sa
EXPXF Explorex Resources Inc
LTHHF Lithium Power Intl
NDENF Bankers Cobalt Corp.
BWNAF Six Sigma Metals Limited
PIONF Pioneer Resources Ltd.
CDSAF Cydsa, S.A.B. de C.V
BKMNF Barker Minerals Ltd
WMNNF European Cobalt Ltd
IMTFF International Montoro Resources Inc
NCRBF Nippon Carbon Co Ltd
GRXXF Graphite Energy Corp
PCRCF Pacific Rim Cobalt Corp
RXXRF Rox Resources Limited
SLROF Stellar Resources
AMSLF Australian Mines Limited
COBAF International Cobalt Corp.
NCPCF Nickel Creek Platinum Corp.
NSRCF Nextsource Materials
VYYRF Voyageur Minerals Ltd
IRLCF Israel Corp
TRMNF Trueclaim Exploration Inc.
CBLUY China Bluechemical Ltd ADR
AIAGF Aurubis Ag
CTXDF Cantex Mine Dev Corp New
SMCDY Strategic Minerals ADR
GXMLF Intercontinental Gold and Metals Ltd
BVLDF Bold Ventures Inc
MCCBF M2 Cobalt Corp
PPOTF Pacific Potash Corp
LNMIF Lonmin Plc Ltd Ord
EVXXF European Electric Metals Inc.
NMREF Namibia Rare Earths
GDBGF Gindalbie Metals Ltd Ord
CSSQF Cassini Resources Ltd
AEOMF Aeon Metals Ltd
JXHGF Jxtg Holdings
AZIL Aziel Corporation
NOPMF NEO Performance Materials Inc
NSLM National Silver Lead
URAYY Public Joint Stock Company Uralkali
AIERF Asian Mineral Res Ltd Com
BDNNY Boliden Ab ADR
AGPIF Anglo Pacific Res Plc Ord
KDDRF Kidman Resources Ltd
TASEF Tasman Resources NL Ord
SRHYY Syrah Resources Ltd ADR
AHELF American Helium Inc.
BBBMF Bluebird Battery Metals Inc
PX Praxair, Inc
CTXDD Cantex Mine Dev Corp
CCOB Century Cobalt Corp.
TTSRF Tartisan Nickel Corp
BCLMF Bacanora Lithium Plc
NEMCF New Energy Metals Corp
TSDOF Tessenderlo Group Nv
NEXA Nexa Resources S.A.
NTR Nutrien Ltd
DIGXD Eco Innovation Group Inc.
UBMCF United Battery Metals
GSCCF ioneer Ltd
WCTXD LiCo Energy Metals Inc
SPPP Sprott Physical Platinum and Palladium Trust
GENMF Generation Mining Ltd
ECOX Eco Innovation Group Inc
GOCOF Go Cobalt Mining Corp
SYIFF Global Atomic Corporation
DCNNF Declan Cobalt Inc
MBYMD Mountain Boy Mineral
BRCSF Barra Resources Ltd
LITHD U.S. Lithium Corp
CBLUF China Bluechemical Ltd
FGPHF First Graphene Ltd
BLLYF Bluejay Mining Plc
AGREF Argonaut Resources NL
GNMP General Chemical Grp Inc
NMPNF Northam Platinum Ppty Ltd
TNGZF Tng Ltd
GRXXD Graphite Energy Corp

Recent Signals

Date Stock Signal Type
2019-10-18 AAUKF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 AAUKF Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 AAUKF Volume Surge Other
2019-10-18 AGCZ Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 AGCZ Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 AGCZ Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 AGGFF Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
2019-10-18 AGGFF Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 AIERF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 ALKEF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 AMLM Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 AMLM MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 AMLM Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 AMLM Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 AMLM Calm After Storm Range Contraction
2019-10-18 ANGPY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 ANGPY Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
2019-10-18 ANGPY NR7 Range Contraction
2019-10-18 ARREF MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 ARREF MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 ARTTF 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 ATUSF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 ATUSF 20 DMA Support Bullish
2019-10-18 AVLNF 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 AVLNF 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 AVLNF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 BBBMF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 BBBMF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 BKMM New Downtrend Bearish
2019-10-18 BKMM 20 DMA Support Bullish
2019-10-18 BLGO Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
2019-10-18 BVTEF New 52 Week Low Weakness
2019-10-18 BVTEF New 52 Week Closing Low Bearish
2019-10-18 CBLLF 180 Bullish Setup Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 CGIFF 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 CGIFF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 CMCLF Hammer Candlestick Bullish
2019-10-18 CMCLF 50 DMA Support Bullish
2019-10-18 CMCLF Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 CMCLF Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 CRECF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 CSGH 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 CSGH Volume Surge Other
2019-10-18 CSGH Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 CTEQF Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 CTEQF Volume Surge Other
2019-10-18 CTEQF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 CTEQF MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 CTXDF Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 CTXDF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 CTXDF 1,2,3 Retracement Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 CTXDF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 DMNKF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 ECOX MACD Bearish Centerline Cross Bearish
2019-10-18 ECOX Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 ECOX Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 EVXXF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 FRRSF 180 Bearish Setup Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 FRRSF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 GGIFF Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
2019-10-18 GWMGF Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 GWMGF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 HCHDF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 HCHDF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 HCHDF Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 HUDRF Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 HUDRF Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 IMPUY Three Weeks Tight Range Contraction
2019-10-18 IOFNF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 IPOAF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 IPOAF Fell Below 50 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 IPOAF Doji - Bullish? Reversal
2019-10-18 IPOAF Hammer Candlestick Bullish
2019-10-18 IPOAF Lizard Bullish Bullish Day Trade Setup
2019-10-18 IVPAF MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 IVPAF NR7 Range Contraction
2019-10-18 KATFF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 LRTNF Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 LTUM NR7 Range Contraction
2019-10-18 LTUM Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 LTUM MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 LTUM Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 LYSDY Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 LYSDY Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 LYSDY Fell Below 50 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 MBYMF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 MDNNF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 MGXMF Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
2019-10-18 MGXMF New 52 Week Closing Low Bearish
2019-10-18 MIDLF Wide Range Bar Range Expansion
2019-10-18 MIDLF 20 DMA Support Bullish
2019-10-18 MIDLF 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 MIDLF Volume Surge Other
2019-10-18 MIDLF Shooting Star Candlestick Bearish
2019-10-18 MIDLF Doji - Bearish? Reversal
2019-10-18 MIDLF Lizard Bearish Bearish Day Trade Setup
2019-10-18 MIDLF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 MIDLF Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 MLLOF 180 Bearish Setup Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 MLLOF 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 MLLOF Bearish Engulfing Bearish
2019-10-18 MLLOF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 MLNLF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 MLNLF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 MLNLF 1,2,3 Retracement Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 MSMGF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 MSMGF MACD Bearish Signal Line Cross Bearish
2019-10-18 MSMGF Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 MSMGF Fell Below 50 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 MYAGF Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 MYAGF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NANX 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 NANX New 52 Week Closing Low Bearish
2019-10-18 NATUF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NCPCF 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 NCPCF 50 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 NDENF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NGLOY Calm After Storm Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NGLOY Spinning Top Other
2019-10-18 NGLOY Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
2019-10-18 NGPHF Lower Bollinger Band Walk Weakness
2019-10-18 NGPHF MACD Bearish Signal Line Cross Bearish
2019-10-18 NILSY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NILSY NR7 Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NILSY NR7-2 Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NILSY Spinning Top Other
2019-10-18 NIOBF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 NIOBF Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 NIOBF 20 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 NIOBF Bollinger Band Squeeze Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NIOBF 200 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 NMKEF 180 Bearish Setup Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 NMKEF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 NMKEF Calm After Storm Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NMREF MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 NMREF Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 NMREF Volume Surge Other
2019-10-18 NMREF 200 DMA Resistance Bearish
2019-10-18 NMREF Upper Bollinger Band Walk Strength
2019-10-18 NMREF Stochastic Reached Overbought Strength
2019-10-18 NNDIF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NOPMF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NOPMF Stochastic Sell Signal Bearish
2019-10-18 NOPMF MACD Bullish Centerline Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 NRVTF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NTTHF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 NVSGF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 OROCF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PALDF NR7 Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PALDF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PCRCF Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 PCRCF Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 PCRCF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PGEZF Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 PGEZF Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 PGEZF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PGEZF 180 Bullish Setup Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 PGEZF Calm After Storm Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PILBF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 PILBF Hammer Candlestick Bullish
2019-10-18 QRMLF MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 QRMLF Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 QRMLF Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 REEMF MACD Bullish Signal Line Cross Bullish
2019-10-18 REEMF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 RNWEY Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 SDRC 1,2,3 Pullback Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 SDRC Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bullish Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 SUUIF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 SUUIF Non-ADX 1,2,3,4 Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 SVRZF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 SYAAF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 SYAAF New 52 Week Closing Low Bearish
2019-10-18 SYAAF Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
2019-10-18 SYHBF Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 SYHBF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 TCKRF Slingshot Bearish Bearish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 TCKRF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 TCKRF Stochastic Buy Signal Bullish
2019-10-18 TRII Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 TRII Stochastic Reached Oversold Weakness
2019-10-18 TTSRF Narrow Range Bar Range Contraction
2019-10-18 UBMCF MACD Bearish Signal Line Cross Bearish
2019-10-18 UBMCF Fell Below 20 DMA Bearish
2019-10-18 UPCO Crossed Above 20 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 UPCO Crossed Above 50 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 UPCO Crossed Above 200 DMA Bullish
2019-10-18 UPCO Pocket Pivot Bullish Swing Setup
2019-10-18 UPCO 180 Bullish Setup Bullish Swing Setup

A chemical element is a species of atom having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z). For example, the atomic number of oxygen is 8, so the element oxygen consists of all atoms which have exactly 8 protons.
118 elements have been identified, of which the first 94 occur naturally on Earth with the remaining 24 being synthetic elements. There are 80 elements that have at least one stable isotope and 38 that have exclusively radionuclides, which decay over time into other elements. Iron is the most abundant element (by mass) making up Earth, while oxygen is the most common element in the Earth's crust.Chemical elements constitute all of the ordinary matter of the universe. However astronomical observations suggest that ordinary observable matter makes up only about 15% of the matter in the universe: the remainder is dark matter; the composition of this is unknown, but it is not composed of chemical elements.
The two lightest elements, hydrogen and helium, were mostly formed in the Big Bang and are the most common elements in the universe. The next three elements (lithium, beryllium and boron) were formed mostly by cosmic ray spallation, and are thus rarer than heavier elements. Formation of elements with from 6 to 26 protons occurred and continues to occur in main sequence stars via stellar nucleosynthesis. The high abundance of oxygen, silicon, and iron on Earth reflects their common production in such stars. Elements with greater than 26 protons are formed by supernova nucleosynthesis in supernovae, which, when they explode, blast these elements as supernova remnants far into space, where they may become incorporated into planets when they are formed.The term "element" is used for atoms with a given number of protons (regardless of whether or not they are ionized or chemically bonded, e.g. hydrogen in water) as well as for a pure chemical substance consisting of a single element (e.g. hydrogen gas). For the second meaning, the terms "elementary substance" and "simple substance" have been suggested, but they have not gained much acceptance in English chemical literature, whereas in some other languages their equivalent is widely used (e.g. French corps simple, Russian простое вещество). A single element can form multiple substances differing in their structure; they are called allotropes of the element.
When different elements are chemically combined, with the atoms held together by chemical bonds, they form chemical compounds. Only a minority of elements are found uncombined as relatively pure minerals. Among the more common of such native elements are copper, silver, gold, carbon (as coal, graphite, or diamonds), and sulfur. All but a few of the most inert elements, such as noble gases and noble metals, are usually found on Earth in chemically combined form, as chemical compounds. While about 32 of the chemical elements occur on Earth in native uncombined forms, most of these occur as mixtures. For example, atmospheric air is primarily a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and argon, and native solid elements occur in alloys, such as that of iron and nickel.
The history of the discovery and use of the elements began with primitive human societies that found native elements like carbon, sulfur, copper and gold. Later civilizations extracted elemental copper, tin, lead and iron from their ores by smelting, using charcoal. Alchemists and chemists subsequently identified many more; all of the naturally occurring elements were known by 1950.
The properties of the chemical elements are summarized in the periodic table, which organizes the elements by increasing atomic number into rows ("periods") in which the columns ("groups") share recurring ("periodic") physical and chemical properties. Save for unstable radioactive elements with short half-lives, all of the elements are available industrially, most of them in low degrees of impurities.

More about Chemical Elements